Maxillofacial surgery is a medical-surgical specialty that specializes in the head and neck region, meaning the face, the neck, the sinuses and the jaws. This specialty also includes oral surgery, which focuses more specifically on the teeth and the tissue that surrounds them. Maxillofacial surgeons, in collaboration with other specialists such as dentists, orthodontists, dermatologists, oncologists, pulmonologists, ENT specialists and physical therapists manage a lager portion of orofacial pathologies. Here is a non-exhaustive list of the conditions and procedures for which the maxillofacial surgeons provide care:
- Dentoalveolar surgery, including complex or multiple dental extractions, dental cysts, bone grafts to reconstruct the jaw, placement of dental implants and creating some dental prostheses in collaboration with specialized surgeon-dentists.
- Diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant lesions of the skin, mucus membranes and muscular and bony tissues of the head and neck region.
- Treatment of lesions of the salivary glands such as the parotids and the submandibular glands.
- Diagnosis and treatment of congenital anomalies such as cleft palate and jaw bone deformities.
- Diagnosis and treatment of anomalies in the relationship between the upper and lower jaw leading to problems with dental occlusion, in collaboration with orthodontists.
- Diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular joint pathologies in collaboration with rheumatologists, orthodontic dentists, dental prosthetists and radiologists.
- Treatment of chronic facial pain.
- Treatment for snoring and sleep apnea in collaboration with ENTs and pulmonology physicians.
- Diagnosis and treatment of superficial and deep facial trauma, such as facial fractures: fracture of the lower jaw, upper jaw, nose, eye socket, etc.
- Plastic and aesthetic surgery of the face and neck, including injection of fillers (fat injection: lipofilling, hyaluronic acid injection) and botulinum toxin, rhinoplasty, lifts, blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), etc.
Each maxillofacial physician at the clinic also specializes in one or more specific fields depending on his or her specific additional training.